Government Has Not Decided Yet an Option from Three Available

December 3, 2010

December 1, 2010, Jakarta – The government through the Ministry of Defense has not yet determined which options will be taken to address bids of F16 fighter jets from the United States. There are three options being studied by the government.

First, grant 24 units of F16 aircraft. From the 24 units offered by America, the remaining flight hours on average is still above 10 thousand hours. “Some units there still have 12-13 thousand hours of flying,” said Director General of Defense Plan Ministry of Defense, the Air Vice Marshal TNI BS Silaen in a press conference on Wednesday (Dec 01, 2010).

“Assuming the use of one aircraft per year as much as 800-900 hours,” he added, “then 24 units of donated second-hand aircraft is expected to be used up to 10-15 years in the future.”

The second option, the government will buy the new F16 6 units. Due to new purchases, the sixth plane can be directly used to oversee the country’s defense.

Third, Silaen said the government would divert budget to purchase 6 units of the new F16 only to improve (upgrade) 24 units of the grant plus 10 aircraft F16 aircraft belonging to Indonesia in Madiun, East Java (will be total 34 units).

Viewed in terms of quality, 10 units of F16 aircraft owned by the TNI and 24 units of used American aircraft still had the same level (grade) in item 15. Once repaired, Silaen added, the level of quality of 34 aircraft will be grade 32. “The fund is still below the price of 6 units of the new F16,” he said.

From those three options available, the government is still considering, which is the best option to be selected by the Secretary of Defense. “Whether purchasing new or upgrading, we have not decided. We are still examining,” said Silaen.

source: TEMPO Interaktif/

LAPAN Tested Rockets for Guided Rocket Prototype

December 2, 2010

Monday (Nov 22, 2010), LAPAN successfully tested flight-test of five experimental rockets with diameter of 200 mm and 100 mm in LAPAN rocket launch station, Pameungpeuk, Garut, West Java. Fifth rocket carrying cargo Global Positioning System (GPS) to locate the rocket. According to LAPAN senior staff, Ir. Yus Kadarusman Markis, Dipl. Ing., Flight testing is not only to know the position of the rocket, but also tested the function of separation systems and sustainer.

Beside GPS load, each rocket also carried other cargo missions. For RX-200 rocket carrying cargo of tracking radar, which is a tool to identify where rockets is located (counting the distance using radio frequencies set of three point ground station). Meanwhile, rocket RWX-200 and rocket-100, are installed with separation system and sustainer system functions as a second rocket.

Ir. Hermayudi Irwanto, M. Eng. added, rocket RWX-200 is a further development of the RWX-100. And all of these rockets go well according to the phases that have been planned. For the rocket RTX-100, tested for its folded wing system. The purpose of this test to find out the opening of the wing control system starting from a closed state and the stability of the wing once it is opened.

Furthermore, for the rocket RKX-200, he explained, the purpose of testing is to emphasize the detection of system rocket maneuvering, from the roll (roll), pitch (nod), and yaw (shake) of the rocket movement during sliding.

For all of these LAPAN experiment rockets flight tests, Yus Kadarusman added, “All data obtained were running well. Of course, this still remains to be developed further in order to obtain more optimal results.”

LAPAN is Preparing Military Medium Rocket with 400 Km Range

December 2, 2010

Dr Soewarto Hardhienata leaved TNI Combat Training Centre in Baturaja, South Sumatera, at 13:30 pm, Nov 8, 2010 with a heart relieved. Half an hour earlier, four rockets that included in a joint project from several important institutions, including the Institute of Aviation and Space Agency (Lapan), where he worked as Deputy Head of Aerospace Technology, successfully re-tested.

All rockets reaching 14 kilometers and a diameter of 12.2 inches can be launched and hit the targets on that weekend. This success not only makes the project seen brighter in front of the cabinet members in attendance list, including Defence Minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro and Minister of Research and Technology Suharna Surapranata, but also become an important milestone.

“This is the first time given Lapan rocket warheads,” said Soewarto. Previously, Lapan-made rockets tended only for research purposes. There is no rocket actually utilized. Following recent successful trials, the Defense Ministry also announced it will put a rocket named Han R-122 in combat ships of Indonesia and is targeted by 2014 must be produced up to 500 units.

This rocket-making project is relatively fast, only about three years. “This is due to collaborative project, so that it is fast enough,” said Dr. Timbul Siahaan, Head of Research and Development Center of Science and Technology Agency in the Ministry of Defence.

Several state agencies already have the technology. Lapan has the rocket technology, Pindad has decades of experience in the manufacture of warheads and PT Dirgantara Indonesia has the facilities and experience to make a torpedo. Everything is joined together. “If from the beginning (the study itself), will not be enough time,” said Timbul.

Rocket R-Han 122-which means a diameter of 122 millimeter – defense rocket is a derivative from LAPAN RX-120 rocket. Lapan rocket is slightly enlarged with a simple reason. “Military standard rocket is rocket-122,” said Soewarto. One of the rockets used in Indonesia is rocket that launched from RM-70 Grad, rocket launchers made in the Czech Republic.

In the military world, a rocket with this size referred to artillery rockets because of its function exactly like a cannon: sweep enemy troops. In next class are intermediate and intercontinental-range rockets. A number of countries in Asia not only Japan, India, or China, but also Iran and North Korea-have been able to produce rockets reaching hundreds of kilometers. Indonesia is currently in early stages of development and its target in 2014 has been producing long-range rocket that not only could carry a bomb into other continents, but also a satellite into space (see “Four More Years”).

Rocket R-Han 122 does not have its own control and without the navigation system. To steer when launched, personnel must calculate the launch angle. Accuracy is also not the point, but the area with a radius of about 500 meters. When flying, the rocket will blast while rolling. This makes the rocket reach farther and directed.

With this system, the rocket R-Han 122 undergoing a long trial. The initial stage, after designs, as usual testing ground to test the system driving force. Only then do the actual test launch. “About 25 times of test launch,” said Soewarto, “all successful.”

The tests have been run on Pameungpeuk near Garut, Lumajang in East Java, and Baturaja, Palembang. At trial in Pameungpeuk and Lumajang, rockets launched towards the sea. Unfortunately, while testing in Lumajang, there was an accident though not by the rocket R-Han 122. The accident injured two people residing in huts around the launch field. “For this rocket (R-Han 122), we had no problem,” said Soewarto.

Subsequent trials conducted in Baturaja, Palembang. As rocket artillery, rockets were loaded real explosives. The test must be done with ground targets. “That should test warheads, could not be at sea,” said Soewarto. They chosed Baturaja because the place is spacious, 23 thousand hectares (= 230,000,000 m2), so it is relatively safe if there is a problem. The trial was also successful.

However, this team was not satisfied with the coverage is only 14 kilometers. The team has developed the R-Han 122 with a range of 23 kilometers, nearly two-fold farther from RM-70 Grad rocket. Further coverage will be achieved with a simple way: redesigned fuel load. In the present version, the fuel has a length of one meter. In subsequent versions, up to two meters in length. This longer version has been tested on land. “It will be tested soon fly in the near future,” said Soewarto.

Another project is already waiting. “We are developing R-Han 200,” said Siahaan. The rocket that size, according to Soewarto, able to reach about 40 kilometers.

Four More Years

Although an important part in the project R-122 or R-Han Han 200 has raised prestige Aeronautics and Space Agency (Lapan), the main concentration of these rocket scientists institute is to create rockets that could send a satellite into space. Lapan target in 2014: can produce rocket named RPS-01 to send a satellite. “So far stages (towards it) go well,” said Dr. Soewarto Hardhienata, Deputy Head of Aerospace Technology Lapan.

The rocket consists of four levels. The top level of the RX-320 rocket which was manufactured and successfully tested Lapan. Three levels below it originally planned to consist of the RX-420 all plus two booster rockets (booster) in the left-right. RX-420 was successfully tested last year and became the largest rocket made in Indonesia.

But a number of calculations made Lapan then tried to remove a pair of those boosters. One reason: the complexity of the calculation. If the power of two rockets were not really the same, the trajectory can be chaotic. Instead of using rocket with diameter 420 millimeters, LAPAN enlarges it to 550 millimeters. “Next month is a static test of the RX 550 in Pameungpeuk (near Garut),” said Soewarto.

This is very great progress, considering since 1960s until 2006, Lapan likely to stop making rockets. They concentrate on matters such as remote sensing. During that four decades, Indonesia stops rocket technology at diameter of 250 millimeters.

Not only from being able to bring the satellite, this four levels-rocket reaching nearly 400 miles can be converted into military rockets. “The pay load can be replaced with warheads,” said Soewarto.

Indonesia-Korea Jet Fighter Joint Production Plan

June 19, 2010

Planned cooperation between Indonesia and South Korea to start a joint project on jet fighter production received strong support from a lawmaker and researcher here on Friday but they warned that it will need to undergo feasibility studies.

“The joint cooperation is good for Indonesia because it will help us revitalize our defense industry.

However it is strongly recommended both countries conduct thorough feasibility study,” Kemal Azis Stamboel, lawmaker from the House of Representatives Commission I overseeing defense and intelligence told The Jakarta Post on Friday.

Kemal added that among points to be looked into in the study would be an assessment of possible future conflict between the two countries.

“This policy applies for all potential partner countries because of course we don’t want to be caught out if it occurs,” he added.

Initiated during a visit to Indonesia by South Korean President Lee Myung-bak last year, both countries are now gearing up to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the fighter production, which will be called “KFX project”.

According to secretary-general of the Defense Ministry Deputy Marshal Eris Haryanto, the MoU is likely to be signed at the end of this year. After the signing, a joint team comprising experts from both countries will be formed.

This team would be tasked with building five prototypes of the aircraft before 2020. After achieving the break even point target of 200 units, the aircraft will be ready for mass production.

Military expert from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences Jaleswari Pramodhawardani said the project offers Indonesia a rare chance to develop its defense industry.

“There is always a risk in everything but in my opinion we should take this risk,” she said.

However, she said the project would cost a huge part of the budget, meaning the Indonesian Military may have to work hard to convince lawmakers to grant funding.

Under the MoU, Indonesia will shoulder 20 percent of the initial budget of US$8 billion, which Kemal described as “reasonable”.

The joint project is widely seen as a pilot project for Indonesian military in revitalizing defense industry. The Indonesian military is now perfecting an draft paper on boosting the country’s defense industry.

C-212 Assembly Set for Indonesian Shift

June 19, 2010

Future assembly of the C-212 light transport is likely to move to Indonesia as part of an Airbus Military initiative to reduce the type’s unit cost and allow its Spanish facilities to be dedicated to producing the larger CN-235 and C-295 models.

“The question is: can we find an industrial arrangement on which we can continue to produce this aircraft in a very competitive way,” says Airbus Military managing director Domingo Ureña.

“We are working with our colleagues in Indonesia to see how we can jointly offer this product to the market,” he reveals. Airbus Military has a long-standing partnership with Indonesian Aerospace on the CN-235, and Ureña says “an agreement has been reached” to extend this to also include assembly of the C-212.

Ureña believes the C-212 can continue to meet requirements for operators in regions such as Asia Pacific, but says: “We need to be able to offer a cheap price. I hope in the short- to medium-term to go back to the market and say that we have the solution.”

Airbus Military is close to concluding a deal with Thailand for an undisclosed number of C-212s configured for fisheries protection duties. The company has also been selected to provide Vietnam with five, although a contract has yet to be signed.

Developed initially for the Spanish air force and first flown in 1971, more than 480 C-212s have been ordered. It is now offered in its -400 production standard, a configuration that is less than 10 years old.

Meanwhile, senior vice-president commercial Antonio Rodriguez-Barberán says Airbus Military is also “starting to consider not a replacement for the C-212, but a re-engineering of the aircraft to make it more modern”.

Airbus Military delivers around 24 CN-235s and C-295s a year from its San Pablo site near Seville, Spain, but has not yet produced the C-212 on its new assembly line.

The company is believed to have initiated early studies on the development of a larger successor for both the CN-235 and C-295, but officially says that it is in no rush to replace the types.

(Source: Flight International)

Barter between Anoa Panser and Malaysian Car

June 19, 2010

On June 09, 2010, Jakarta, Minister of Trade of Indonesia, MS Hidayat, told that thru PT Pindad (Persero) Indonesia has got order from Malaysia to manufacture Anoa panser with the value up to US$ 80 millions. With this order from Malaysia, apparently Indonesian military industries has showed theirs quality indigenous products have been recoginesed by other countries.

However in this offer, there is a condition from Malaysia that Indonesian counterpart must do trade off with Malaysian product, that is a barter agreement about 25% from that total with Malaysian Proton car.

Director General of Transportation and Telematics of Industrial Ministry, Budi Dharmadi informed that his office is calculating the value of the trade off products and sedan cars from Proton will be used as taxi fleet by Indonesian private companies that willingly to acquire those products from Malaysia. Budi said that his office only facilitate that trade off process and the further process will be pure bussiness to bussiness dealing. He added, this trade off will give benefit to both sides, especially for Pindad panser that will gain broad recognition. One of the recognition is from UN peacekeeping mission. Since April 2010, about 13 Anoa pansers has been deployed to Lebanon as armor personnel vehicle of Unifil Indonesian contingent.

Meanwhile, the realization of the agreement is on going discussed.


Interoperability-Field Training Exercise (FTX-IIP) Marine Exercise (MAREX 2009), East Java, Indonesia

October 23, 2009


The marines of Indonesia (Korps Marinir-TNI AL) and the United States (USMC) conducted a joint amphibious landing exercise at the Banongan Beach, Asembagus, Situbondo in East Java on Sunday, the national Antara news agency reported. The exercise, called the Interoperability-Field Training Exercise (FTX-IIP) Marine Exercise (MAREX 2009), was in a series of Joint Exercises held by the Indonesian and the U.S. Marine Corps. MAREX 2009 is a multi-lateral training exercise designed to enhance interoperability and communication between the U.S. and Indonesia militaries.


Alfan Baharudin, Commander of the Indonesian Marine Corps, said in the opening remarks of the exercise that the Indonesian-American Marine Corps joint exercises had succeeded in increasing cooperation between the two. “Indusa (Indonesia-USA) MAREX 2009 exercise which involved 1,300 personnel from both countries, is a large scale joint exercise ever held by the Indonesian and American Marines,” he said, adding that he expected both Marine Corps would work together to learn, so as to increase personnel capabilities.



According to him, the Indonesian Marines will gain new knowledge about city war (Marine Operations Urban Terrain) in the exercises, while the U.S. Marines will have knowledge of the system used in forest battle.


“Indonesia is an important partner and the ARG/MEU team looks forward to this opportunity to work with TNI and local officials,” said Commodore Rodney Clark, the ARG commander. “This is a great opportunity to build an even stronger relationship between our countries.” USMC embarked aboard Cleveland and Rushmore from the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit will integrate with Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI) and local residents during military-to-military engagement opportunities as well as engineering, medical and dental civic action projects. Navy medical and dental teams aboard Cleveland and Rushmore are scheduled to augment local providers offering services ashore to local residents.

The exercise held in Selogiri Forest, Banyuwangi Residence, East Java (Jawa Timur) with one of them was jungle patrol & survival. The weather was clear and became hotter in the middle of the day. Hundreds of USMC marines were enthusiastic and ready with their full gears like preparing for the real battle action.

Selogiri forest is ideal tropical forest that is very suitable for military exercise and has characteristic to be able for the troops to do some maneuvers while taking jungel war. The trees quite packed with sound of sparkling water and birds welcame the US marines entered the field they not familiar with it. “Show me the jungle,” said one of the marines to a guide from Indonesian marines Serma. Mar. M. Ani Rosidin.

For detail, this first session of survival exercise followed by 362 US marines and guided by 16 trainers, 3 interpreters, 4 communication personnel, 5 recon marines with all from Indonesian marines.

This joint exercise is commanded by Colonel Mar. Nur Alamsyah and held in 4 locations, Banongan Beach, Marines Training Center of Marinir-TNI AL Karangtekok-Situbondo, Pasewaran and Selogiri Forest, Banyuwangi, all in East Java Province.



From 362 US marines, for jungle survival picnic, divided into 2 groups with each group divided into 5 teams, guided and supported by trainers and doctors from Korps Marinir-TNI AL. Some handicaps and mines were installed and some sound of explosive units were heard during this session. Before entering this jungle war exercise session, the US marine had been given the basic knowledge regarding the technique how to survive in the jungle, like how to select, eat and treat the forest fruit/plant and some wild tropical animals like snake. Each group must survive within 4 days without logistic in this session.

Because of the hot temperature and challenging trail, reported 10 US marines were exhausted and must get evacuated from this Indonesian marine training field by medical team during this exercise.



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