Indonesian Dream: Guided Missile Escort Ship

May 19, 2009

Republic of Indonesia (RI) is the country that lies on equator line, in between India and Pacific ocean and consists of more than 17 thousand islands that spreads in distance equals to LA and New York distance. With that specific condition and its importance related to international business and politics path, the maritime power of Indonesia has big challenge related to new emerging powers that surrounds the country, the pirates problems againts Indonesian armed force’s litlle budget.

Indonesia anyway must compromise between their need to lift economy development because still many people classified as poor class citizen (cited from Biro Pusat Statistic-Statistic Center Bueareu, as of 2006, an estimated 17.8% of the population live below the US 1.08 consumption/day or World Bank’s poverty line, 49.0% of the population live on less than US$2 per day and unemployment rate at 9.75%) and the nation security (c.q. nation pride). To compromise those goals, recently there are many ideas to develop our own strategic state companies by small research works through retrofits and clone the old or unserviced armaments, trial and error works, transfer of technology (ToT) and licensed agreements. One of Indonesian dream is to build state of the art vessel in our factory, in our teritory.  PT PAL as the only realiable strategic stae company of Indonesia that bases in Surabaya City has the chalenge to do it. PT Pal goes with their stronger proposal to plan (if yet not to build) Indonesian corvette with some helps of more developed industrial countries with upgraded program to be “guided missile escort ship” (after fail on ToT agreement upon production 3rd and 4th Sigma class corvette in Surabaya from Royal Schelde Naval Shipbuilding Vlissingen-Netherland).

Until now, the national corvette slogan among the military community and enthusiastic people in Indonesia is very popular. Yes, it is one of the ideas of Indonesia government to provide high technology strategic armament independently within country. It slogan heard for the first time since 2004. Principally, at that moment, that battleship had overall length 80 meters. If to be compared, that vessel equal to KRI Fatahillah (361), a Dutch made vessel.

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TNI AL as a user welcomed seriously and with enthusiasm, and if that program worked smoothly, in 2006 the design would be expanded to be frigate class ship design, with overall length about 104 meters and would be assisted by ship builder from Italy, Fincantierri.

A change happened again. The hull length was lengthened to be 105 meters and the program is renamed to be Guided Missile Escort 105 meters or kapal Perusak Kawal Rudal (PKR) as more popular name among the TNI AL (Navy) community. The idea came from the possibility to equip the ship with bigger caliber gun. That ship has already current design trend with stealth concept. Particular corners at the vessel body have been designed by means of scientific calculation to deflect opponent radar signal optimally. The design also includes the elimination of open area as existed in conventional vessel and design of stealth tower and smokestack of the ship.

For the engine will use same concept as Sigma class ship has, that is Combination Diesel and Diesel (CODAD). For the weapon, the main one is positioned in frontage of the ship and another is on behind the main weapon for underwater mortar. Shifting backward, particularly on the ship platform there will be anti-aircraft missile Sinbad or Aspide class (air-to air missile). Similar system also designed in the back close to superstructure or helicopter deck. There will be also torpedo launcher on both sides.

Credit to: Karbol, militaryphotos, Angkasa Magazine, etc.

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Pacific Partnership Produces Indonesian Army’s First WLCP

May 19, 2009

Story and photos by Staff Sgt. Crista Yazzie
USARPAC Public Affairs

(taken from http://www.usarpac.army.mil/news/plantseed.asp)

BANDUNG, Indonesia – Three United States Army, Pacific non-commissioned officers traveled here recently to conduct the first Warrior Leader Course with the Indonesian Army.

The course is designed to train junior NCOs to lead at the squad level.

“At the request of the Indonesian Army, we are participating in the development of this leadership course to develop confident and competent NCOs and they can extract the relevant information that we’re training and mold it into a course that they can teach their NCOs in the future,” said Sgt. Gerald Daniel, the program’s operations NCO at the Office of Defense Cooperation in Jakarta.

Daniel joined the USARPAC team from Hawaii consisted of Sgt. 1st Class Sehuan Flax, Staff Sgt. William Vargas, and Staff Sgt. J.J. Williams in Bandung to accomplish this mission.

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The team conducted two fifteen-day courses from June through August. The second course enrolled outstanding graduates of the first class in an Instructor Training Course. In true train-the-trainer fashion, the top students became instructors. Of the 42 WLC graduates, 20 were selected for the ITC.

“They are going about it the right way by giving them attributes to become efficient leaders so they can establish that confidence in the NCO Corps,” said Sgt. Maj. William Smith, USARPAC operations sergeant major, who compared the WLC course to planting a seed that must be tended to. “By tending to this seed, they have the opportunity to help that seed to grow into a more capable military.”

Overall, the obstacle encountered by all instructors aside from a language barrier was getting the students to rethink their role as decision-makers.

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“At their level, in their Army, they’re just given an order. They don’t actually get a chance or the opportunity to plan or make the decisions, it’s the officer that makes every decision,” Vargas said. “Normally, they wait for somebody to tell them what to do, so what we try to teach them is that they’re the one in charge, they make the decisions.”

During the course, emphasis was placed on leadership and responsibility. Students were taught the NCO Creed, Warrior Ethos, leadership and attitudes towards conducting tasks as leaders.

“Each day, we tackled a part of the Creed and then made sure it was understood, the meaning, and then go into ways to apply the meaning,” said Flax.

The three found ways to take their knowledge as instructors and NCOs and translated it with results. One example of a shift in response from students was the After Action Review, an open forum and standard throughout the Army for evaluating performance in an informal setting. The concept of the AAR was previously unknown to the Indonesian Soldiers.

“The first couple of AARs, no questions were asked, it was pretty quiet, and not a lot of interaction,” Flax said. “It was like pulling teeth to get them to comment. But now, they talk to one another. We’re showing them that they can be given a mission, even something simple like a wall locker inspection and execute.”

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This training is part of USARPAC’s Theater Security Cooperation Program and the Warrior Leader Course has the potential to have a long-term impact on the way the Indonesian Army develops their NCOs.

Command Sgt. Maj. Joseph P. Zettlemoyer, USARPAC Command Sergeant Major, said that the Indonesian Army is learning the right way for the future of the NCO Corps.

“I am elated that Indonesia has taken the first steps towards professionalizing their NCO Corps,” he said. “This enhances their capabilities while strengthening their units at the platoon and company level, and will eventually be a combat multiplier at the highest levels within their Army.”

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According to Zettlemoyer, future hopes include actual NCO academies, as well as further training.

“I would like to see NCO Academies within their Training Command that provide the necessary background in Leadership Fundamentals, Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills to their Soldiers and NCOs at different levels much like our WLC, Basic NCO Course, and Advanced NCO Course,” he said.

Both students and instructors expressed a feeling of accomplishment from the course.

“The WLC makes me proud to be an NCO because I understand the NCO has an important function for the Army, like a backbone,” said Sgt. Asep Anda, a squad leader from 301st Battalion, TNI (Tentera Nasional Indonesia) Infanteri.

Students were congratulated and encouraged to take pride in their NCO Corps by the U.S. Soldiers.

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“I am very proud of what you have accomplished in the short time you have been here with the challenges you had to overcome,” said Smith to the Soldiers after inspecting their barracks. “You are making history in your own country, and I ask that you all go out there and do your job to the best of your ability, hold your head high and never forget that it is important to be a leader.”“I hope that everything they learn in here, they can go back to their units and try to use it,” Vargas added. “It doesn’t matter if they take 70 percent or they take 100 percent, at least if they got something from us, and they get a chance to go and apply it. That’s something that will make me happy.”