Indonesian Rocket Institute Successfully Launched RX-420 Rocket This Morning into Space (July 02, 2009)

July 2, 2009

Indonesian home grown RX-420 rocket launching test has been done successfully into space by LAPAN or Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional (English: National Institute of Aeronautics and Space)  in Southern Region of Garut Regency, West Java Province (toward Indian Ocean)  this morning, July 02, 2009. This experiment not only for scientific purposes but also for military purpose. Future mission, Defense Ministry will exploit this test result to be local guided missile for missile defense system as an alternative ground defense force. In this occasion, there were three launching rockets, one RX-420 released by Dr. Adi Sadewo (LAPAN’s chairman) and two RX-100 by BPPT (Badan Pusat Pengembangan Teknologi) – Center For Research and Development’s chairman and the last by a representative official of PT Dirgantara Indonesia DI-Indonessian Aerospace Company) under tight security control.


Indonesian Defense Minister, Juwono Sudarsono said that Defense Office is still calculating the cost comparison between guided missile development cost and main armament supplying cost, such as air fighter and combat ship.

Previously, Science and Technology Minister, Kusmayanto Kadiman said that this morning test launched the biggest rocket so far by Indonesian and used the greatest amount of propellant (solid) fuel. He added, cruise distance of RX-420 rocket may reach up to 100 kilometers and its speed was 4 times of sound speed (mach) so this experiment also to test the rocket to move from subsonic to supersonic speed with temperature may up to 1,200 deg C. Most of material were originated from Indonesia, including the solid fuel. This also to avoid the protest and embargo from any other countries.

LAPAN’s spokesperson, Elly Kuntjahyowati said that this test is a part of LAPAN’s ambition to launch their micro satellite in 2014 with Indonesian local SLV. RX-420 as booster rocket and combined with RX-320 are designed to have cruise range about 3,600 kms.

RX-420 rocket fabrication took three months only (with only US$ 30,000 cost), with specification as follows: 420 mm diameter, 1,000 kgs launching load, 6,200 mm long, fuel solid, 13 secs combustion time, 205 secs departure time, 4,5 mach maximum speed, 101 kms predicted cruise distance range, 53 kms predicted vertical distance and with load: diagnostic tool, GPS, altimeter, gyro, 3-axis accelerometer, processor and battery. Meanwhile for RX-100 specs as follows: 110 mm diameter, 30 kgs launching load, 1900 mm long, fuel solid, 2,5 secs combustion time, 70 secs cruise time, 1,7 mach maximum speed, 11 kms predicted cruise distance range, 7 kms predicted vertical distance and with load: diagnostic tool, GPS, altimeter, gyro, 3-axis accelerometer, processor and battery.

Video that covered the launching period by national local TV

From the video seen that the first rocket launch (RX-420) at the end of its travel path was twisted from its straight trajectory. It was suspected due to its loosen/cracked fin while traveling in supersonic velocity. However, from this experiment, LAPAN’s objective was achieved to know the rocket condition and performance within the first 10 secs (golden data). Considering this was also the first trial for bigger rocket diameter launch and new play in supersonic condition (stress and temperature related that resulted from more than 4 machs speed) for LAPAN, the experiment result was considered successful.

Note: That’s why the experiment must be performed to compare with the theory and simulation. Other countries that developing long range ballistic missile have done the experiments many times with much larger budget.

For next development, LAPAN with Pindad are going to develop explosive payload for missile development and LAPAN with PT LEN (Lembaga Elektronika Nasional, National Electronics Institute, a strategic state owned company for electronics products) for guided sensor system development. If succeeded, those rocket to be guided missile may reach Singapore from Batam or similar range along the Indonesian border.

This launching news has attracted some foreign news agencies in their website, such as The Straits Times Singapore, The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), Chinese People’s Daily Online,, AFP and so on.

Note: Citing from, nations in Asia are currently in the middle of a regional space race: the Indians are getting ready to build their own crew capsule for putting astronauts in space, China has sent a space probe to the moon, Japan has also done it, and later this year China is going to have their first space walk from their own space craft. So there is a lot of activity going on and it’s all to do with national prestige, and technology and economic development.

Source:,,, youtube,

Indonesian Troops Contribution to Peacekeeping Mission under UNIFIL-UN in Lebanon

July 2, 2009

The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, was created by the Unites Nations, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 425 on March 19, 1978m to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore international peace and security, and help the Government of Lebanon restore its effective authority in the area. The first UNIFIL troops were deployed in the area on March 23, 1978.

After 2006 war between Israeli and Lebanese, UNIFIL is currently deployed in Southern Lebanon (south of the Litani River) and primarily along the United Nations-drawn Blue Line, which is the border between Israel and Lebanon. This is the most high risk region in current UNIFIL Peacekeeping mission whereby the Indonesian Contingent located and ordered.

Unifil Deployment Map-2009

2009 UNIFIL deployment map

The force’s activities have centered around monitoring military activity between Hezbollah and the Israeli Defense Forces with the aim of reducing tensions and allaying tension along the border. UNIFIL has also played an important role in clearing landmines, assisting displaced persons and providing humanitarian assistance to civilians in the underdeveloped region of Southern Lebanon.

As of April 30, 2008, UNIFIL employs 12,341 military personnel, supported by some 307 international civilian and 606 local civilian staff and it is headed by Italian Force Commander Major-General Claudio Graziano.

Indonesian contingent has received 12 VAB (Véhicule de l’Avant Blindé) on February 17 2007, as the part of the second wave of shipment from the agreement between the French and Indonesian governments. Amongst the equipments sent with the second wave of VABs are 10 tool boxes (pioneering equipment), 10 armored vehicle radio communications unit, HMG (Heavy Machine Gun) shooter shield, and 40 water jerrycans.

Total Indonesian troops is 850 men in mechanized infantry battalion, 75 men in military police unit, 200 men in force protection company, 11 men UNIFIL staff, 111 men aboard KRI Diponegoro (Sigma class corvette).

Below are the activities performed by Indonesian Contingent:

1. Kopassus’s 48th anniversary by Force Headquarters Support Unit (FHQSU) Task Force – TNI Garuda XXVI-A Unifil contingent, Friday (4/17/2009) in Sudirman Camp Naqoura-Lebanon.


Kopassus anniversary ceremony in Lebanon 01


Kopassus anniversary ceremony in Lebanon 02

2. United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (Unifil)’s 31st anniversary, 3/21/2009, ceremony commandant was Maj. Budhi Arifa Chaniago (alumnus of Indonesian Air Force Academy-TNI AU, class 1994). This ceremony was led by Maj. Gen. Claudio Graziano.


UNIFIL ceremony 01


UNIFIL ceremony 02


UNIFIL ceremony 03

3. Naqoura (7/5) – During his visit, Under UN Sec. Gen. for Peacekeeping Mission – Mr. Alain Le Roy with Force Commander UNIFIL – Maj. Gen. Claudio Graziano inaugurated the utility of UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp on Wednesday, May 6, 2009. UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp is a extension from UNIFIL HQ Camp that includes Sudirman Camp as Force Headquaters Support Unit (FHQSU) base of Indonesian Garuda XXVI-A contingent, Movement Control (Movcon) with 10 helipads, and other facilities that still on construction. Indonesia Force Protection Company (Indo FC Coy) is responsible for security UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp with 150 personnel and led by Lieu. Col. Mar. Imam Sopingi (Indonesia Navy Academy, class 1988), consisted of 1 commando team, 4 escort teams and 1 headquarter team. Indo FC Coy’s job is to guard Gaz Station Gate as the only gate into UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp, conduct security patrol using armored vehicle (Panser VAB Renault), walking patrol outside and inside UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp, guard 7 (seven) spots of Observation Post (OP), conduct Stand By Force, Crowd and Riot Control (CRC) and Quick Reaction Team (QRT).  All tasks are coordinated by Indonesian Force Protection Centre (FPC) that also supervise Italian FP Coy.

new camp

New camp

4. (June 20, 2009). Indonesian contingent XXIII-C/UNIFIL has received a brevet from Spanish contingent as an honor for their cooperative and good work that result in safe, condusive environment and zero accident rate during Brig. Gen Asarta Cuevas’s command. Those brevets pinned by Lieu. Col. Raden Haryono to his personnel after he directly got it from Brig. Gen. Cuevas previously.


Spanish brevet for Indonesian Contingent 01


Spanish brevet for Indonesian Contingent 02


Spanish brevet for Indonesian Contingent 03

5. Indonesian Armed Forces Contingent representatives for Unifil in Lebanon joined the shooting competition among the Unifil contingents that organized by Indian Contingent in East Sector shooting range. (June 25-26, 2009). This competition followed by 19 teams from 12 countries, i.e. South Korea, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Spain, Italy, Poland, France, El Savador, China, Ghana and Nepal, that consisted of two categories: assault rifle and pistol.

A. Riffle

1st Rokbatt Team (South Korea) with score 210 from total 300.
2nd Indonesian FHQSU Team (Force Head Quarter Support Unit /Konga XXVI-A) with score 209 from total 300.
3rd Indonesian SEMPU team (Sector East Military Police Unit / Konga XXV-A) with score 204 from total 300.

2nd Copl. Tasimin from Indonesian Indobatt (Konga XXIII-C) from SEMPU Team got the best shoter with score 114 of total 150 from three positions, 100 meters with 30 bullets.

B. Pistol
1st Indonesian Indobatt Team (Konga XXIII-C) with score 278.
2nd Rokbatt Team (South Korea) with score 268.
3rd Indbatt Team (India) with score 256 from total 300.

Private M. Eka Adhi Sumanegara from Indobatt got best shooter with score 142 of total 150, from 15 m distance with 5 bullets and 25 m distance with 10 bullets in standing position.

From recapitulation of riffle and pistol scores, Rokbatt Team (South Korea) got the best overall with score 478 followed by Indobatt Team (Indonesia) with score 463 and Indo FHQSU (Indonesia) got the third place with score 460 from total 600.

In trophy and medal presentation ceremony in India Contingent’s base (Indbatt UN POSN 4-2), Unifil East Sector Commander, Brig. Gen. Prieto Martinez from Spain said that a shooting/marksmanship competency is the basic skill required by all armed forces personnel, one shot one army. He also congratulated for all the winner teams and all participating contingents so the competition could be done well in high sportive environment, even the Spanish Team had not achieved to be the best team and only got 7th place at that time.


Shooting competition 01


Shooting competition 02


Shooting competition 03


Shooting competition 04


Shooting competition 05

5. Indonesian troops patrol with armored vehicles


VAB 01


VAB 02


VAB 03


BTR 01

btr80athierrylachapelle 02

BTR 02