The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, was created by the Unites Nations, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 425 on March 19, 1978m to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore international peace and security, and help the Government of Lebanon restore its effective authority in the area. The first UNIFIL troops were deployed in the area on March 23, 1978.
After 2006 war between Israeli and Lebanese, UNIFIL is currently deployed in Southern Lebanon (south of the Litani River) and primarily along the United Nations-drawn Blue Line, which is the border between Israel and Lebanon. This is the most high risk region in current UNIFIL Peacekeeping mission whereby the Indonesian Contingent located and ordered.
2009 UNIFIL deployment map
The force’s activities have centered around monitoring military activity between Hezbollah and the Israeli Defense Forces with the aim of reducing tensions and allaying tension along the border. UNIFIL has also played an important role in clearing landmines, assisting displaced persons and providing humanitarian assistance to civilians in the underdeveloped region of Southern Lebanon.
As of April 30, 2008, UNIFIL employs 12,341 military personnel, supported by some 307 international civilian and 606 local civilian staff and it is headed by Italian Force Commander Major-General Claudio Graziano.
Indonesian contingent has received 12 VAB (Véhicule de l’Avant Blindé) on February 17 2007, as the part of the second wave of shipment from the agreement between the French and Indonesian governments. Amongst the equipments sent with the second wave of VABs are 10 tool boxes (pioneering equipment), 10 armored vehicle radio communications unit, HMG (Heavy Machine Gun) shooter shield, and 40 water jerrycans.
Total Indonesian troops is 850 men in mechanized infantry battalion, 75 men in military police unit, 200 men in force protection company, 11 men UNIFIL staff, 111 men aboard KRI Diponegoro (Sigma class corvette).
Below are the activities performed by Indonesian Contingent:
1. Kopassus’s 48th anniversary by Force Headquarters Support Unit (FHQSU) Task Force – TNI Garuda XXVI-A Unifil contingent, Friday (4/17/2009) in Sudirman Camp Naqoura-Lebanon.
Kopassus anniversary ceremony in Lebanon 01
Kopassus anniversary ceremony in Lebanon 02
2. United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (Unifil)’s 31st anniversary, 3/21/2009, ceremony commandant was Maj. Budhi Arifa Chaniago (alumnus of Indonesian Air Force Academy-TNI AU, class 1994). This ceremony was led by Maj. Gen. Claudio Graziano.
UNIFIL ceremony 01
UNIFIL ceremony 02
UNIFIL ceremony 03
3. Naqoura (7/5) – During his visit, Under UN Sec. Gen. for Peacekeeping Mission – Mr. Alain Le Roy with Force Commander UNIFIL – Maj. Gen. Claudio Graziano inaugurated the utility of UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp on Wednesday, May 6, 2009. UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp is a extension from UNIFIL HQ Camp that includes Sudirman Camp as Force Headquaters Support Unit (FHQSU) base of Indonesian Garuda XXVI-A contingent, Movement Control (Movcon) with 10 helipads, and other facilities that still on construction. Indonesia Force Protection Company (Indo FC Coy) is responsible for security UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp with 150 personnel and led by Lieu. Col. Mar. Imam Sopingi (Indonesia Navy Academy, class 1988), consisted of 1 commando team, 4 escort teams and 1 headquarter team. Indo FC Coy’s job is to guard Gaz Station Gate as the only gate into UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp, conduct security patrol using armored vehicle (Panser VAB Renault), walking patrol outside and inside UNIFIL HQ New Extension Camp, guard 7 (seven) spots of Observation Post (OP), conduct Stand By Force, Crowd and Riot Control (CRC) and Quick Reaction Team (QRT). All tasks are coordinated by Indonesian Force Protection Centre (FPC) that also supervise Italian FP Coy.
4. (June 20, 2009). Indonesian contingent XXIII-C/UNIFIL has received a brevet from Spanish contingent as an honor for their cooperative and good work that result in safe, condusive environment and zero accident rate during Brig. Gen Asarta Cuevas’s command. Those brevets pinned by Lieu. Col. Raden Haryono to his personnel after he directly got it from Brig. Gen. Cuevas previously.
Spanish brevet for Indonesian Contingent 01
Spanish brevet for Indonesian Contingent 02
Spanish brevet for Indonesian Contingent 03
5. Indonesian Armed Forces Contingent representatives for Unifil in Lebanon joined the shooting competition among the Unifil contingents that organized by Indian Contingent in East Sector shooting range. (June 25-26, 2009). This competition followed by 19 teams from 12 countries, i.e. South Korea, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Spain, Italy, Poland, France, El Savador, China, Ghana and Nepal, that consisted of two categories: assault rifle and pistol.
1st Rokbatt Team (South Korea) with score 210 from total 300.
2nd Indonesian FHQSU Team (Force Head Quarter Support Unit /Konga XXVI-A) with score 209 from total 300.
3rd Indonesian SEMPU team (Sector East Military Police Unit / Konga XXV-A) with score 204 from total 300.
2nd Copl. Tasimin from Indonesian Indobatt (Konga XXIII-C) from SEMPU Team got the best shoter with score 114 of total 150 from three positions, 100 meters with 30 bullets.
1st Indonesian Indobatt Team (Konga XXIII-C) with score 278.
2nd Rokbatt Team (South Korea) with score 268.
3rd Indbatt Team (India) with score 256 from total 300.
Private M. Eka Adhi Sumanegara from Indobatt got best shooter with score 142 of total 150, from 15 m distance with 5 bullets and 25 m distance with 10 bullets in standing position.
From recapitulation of riffle and pistol scores, Rokbatt Team (South Korea) got the best overall with score 478 followed by Indobatt Team (Indonesia) with score 463 and Indo FHQSU (Indonesia) got the third place with score 460 from total 600.
In trophy and medal presentation ceremony in India Contingent’s base (Indbatt UN POSN 4-2), Unifil East Sector Commander, Brig. Gen. Prieto Martinez from Spain said that a shooting/marksmanship competency is the basic skill required by all armed forces personnel, one shot one army. He also congratulated for all the winner teams and all participating contingents so the competition could be done well in high sportive environment, even the Spanish Team had not achieved to be the best team and only got 7th place at that time.
Shooting competition 01
Shooting competition 02
Shooting competition 03
Shooting competition 04
Shooting competition 05
5. Indonesian troops patrol with armored vehicles
Source: wikipedia.org, pralangga.org, militaryphotos.net